Everyone knows what this Metro train is or the Metro Rail, but do you know how it works? If not, you must read this article. As we know, our country is moving forward on the path of progress; its population is increasing more.
So, due to being a developing nation, there are many difficulties in its progress, in such a situation, problems of transportation or traffic are also emerging. Our scientists are working day and night to find a solution to all these problems.
Metro Rail has played a significant role in providing transportation facilities to the growing population, with the help of which many people can go from one place to another very quickly. Since it carries traffic in underground tunnels in most areas, therefore the traffic problem is also negligible.
If seen, metro rail has been in our country for about 25 years, but its increasing need has made it a beneficial medium for transport. So today, we will know what this Metro Train is or what Metro Rail is, and how it works. Then what is the delay? Let’s start.
What is Metro Train
Metro Train or Metro Rail is such a transportation system with the help of which many people can easily transport from one place to another at a time. Metro Train is also called MRTS.
The complete form of MRTS is Mass Rapid Transport System. It is a very convenient, fast, efficient and reliable medium. It does not cost much energy because research has shown that it costs energy from 5 parts to 1 per person if we talk about traditional trains.
Since it runs through electricity, it is also very Eco friendly, and it does not spread pollution. In this, many arrangements have been made for the passengers so that their journey is very comfortable.
In this, the travel fee is also meagre if we talk about any other medium. This public transport takes passengers to their destination quickly, which has increased their faith in this public transport.
Why did Metro Train get delayed in India?
Despite having such an excellent transport facility, you must be wondering why it was brought to our country in such a long time. So let me tell you that the metro rail has been in Kolkata for almost 25 years in our country. But to set up and run such a large project smoothly on such a large scale is a massive task in itself.
If we talk about the reasons, earlier our country did not have enough funds to invest in such a large scale, along with that it would take a lot of time to finish, and for the complex technology being used in it, we have a lot Had to do research.
Along with this, there was not so much facility to implement mass transportation in our country as it is today. Statistics say that public transport should be around 70% in our country, but so far it has been able to be only 30 to 40%.
But it is being estimated that this deficiency will be bridged in many coming times, for which we need more and better technology. In the future, metro rail will be established in more cities like Pune, Chandigarh, Ahmadabad, Kanpur, Ludhiana, Indore, Bhopal and Faridabad.
How Metro Train runs
I know that this thing must be coming to your mind; how is the technology behind this metro rail working? So there is no need to worry because today I will tell you about this as we know that metro rail runs mainly from electricity.
Let me tell you that it runs under the principle of DC Shunt Motor. No gear is used in this. The first modern Metro train was started in Delhi itself in 2002.
There are mainly two things in the metro: Microcontroller receiver and Voice Recorder with Chip Speaker. This entire system is attached to that train. When the power is given to the system, the train moves forward, and it will continue until an RF card is placed down the track. Encoded RF Transmitter is kept in Railway Stations.
The microcontroller in the train is programmed so that all the stations where the train will stop, their name is already stored in the chip and has a unique code.
And whenever the train reaches that station, the receiver of the train gets the code that he sends the transmitter and receives the microcontroller. After this, she did her Look UpThat code is tuned in the table, and if that code is found, then that controller instructs that distinct voice to be played.
So that announcement is for 6 seconds, in which the station number and place name is there. At the same time, the train is standing for about 10 seconds. After that time, the second announcement is to leave the train, and the caravan moves on.
Nowadays, inside the train, The LCD Module has been installed for the convenience of the passengers. The names of the stations appearing on these screens are already displayed.
The current Metro is very modern, with the latest technology such as Centralized Automatic Train Control (CATC), Automatic Train Operation (ATO), Automatic Train Protection (ATP) and Automatic Train Signalling (ATS) system installed.
Route maps are now shown on the LCD screen, along with the name of the Announcement and Station.
Contactless, Stored Value SmartCards are currently being used for tickets. These Metros have their own Police Protection Force, and CCTV Cameras have been installed in place for security.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Metro Trains
Just as we know that everything has advantages and disadvantages, similarly there are also Metro trains. If we talk about their Advantages first, then we can say that.
- Cost-Effective: These are the best public transport of very cheap type, in which passengers can travel very quickly.
- Low Maintenance: If we talk about the second transport, then the maintenance costs are meagre.
- Low Infrastructure Cost: If we compare Highway Tracks, its infrastructure is deficient.
- This does not cause traffic problems so that people reach their destination very quickly.
- It does not cause pollution because it is powered by electricity.
- It does not require much space to make it.
If we also talk about Disadvantages to do
- Fixed Routes have to be allocated; we cannot send any train in any route.
- In some places, the cost of Underground Tunneling is also very high.
- This cannot connect all the places of the city if the city has not been made with full planning beforehand.
Note – The most extended Metro Rail Track is in Shanghai metro (China), 548 km across.
Future of Metro Train
Traffic facility has a massive hand in the country’s progress. In this case, the facility of Metro Rail can play a huge part. The way the population of the cities of our country is increasing day by day, according to that their needs are also overgrowing. In such a situation, only good projects can contribute to the progress of the country.
India is a developing country; in such a situation, if our government inspires good metro projects, then its results will be seen in a few years.
If the right traffic corridor, technology, availability of land, and a good investment are received, then the Metro Rail system can be taken to a new height. Just the right vision and planning is needed. And later on, our country will be known all over the world for its Metro facility.
I sincerely hope that I have given you complete information about Metro Train and how Metro Train runs, and I hope you all understand Metro Rail.
I request all readers that you too should share this information in your neighbourhood, relatives, and friends to have awareness among us, and everyone will benefit a lot from it. I need the support of you guys so that I can convey more new information to you.
It has always been my endeavour to help my readers or readers from all sides; if you people have any doubts, you can feel free to ask me.
I will try to solve those Doubts. Do you like this article, what is Metro Rail, and how does it work? Do tell us by writing a comment to get a chance to learn something from your thoughts and improve something.